Security Council Meeting on the Democratic Republic of Congo and Syria

The Security Council Chamber held its 7659th meeting. The meeting was on the
adoption of the agenda regarding the situation concerning the Democratic Republic of the
Congo Report of the Secretary-General. The council voted on the draft of the resolution,
and it received 15 votes in favor. Thus, the draft had been adopted unanimously.

The President of the Security Council then gave the floor to the representative of the
Democratic Republic of Congo. The representative first gave thanks to the delegation for
the knowledge and competence they had in this task. He discussed two issues: elections
and the fight against armed groups in the region. With regard to elections, he stated that
the country intends to run elections that are in line with the standard of the international
community. The representative noted that the government is pursuing the eradication of
armed groups to allow a peaceful life for its people. However, this can only be achieved
with the support of all countries in the region. In addition, the representative said we must recognize that noncooperation of countries in the region is a danger that could
compromise these efforts. After the representative gave his statement, the President adjourned the meeting.

Shortly after, the Security Council held its 7660th meeting on the adoption of the agenda regarding the situation in the Middle East. The President gave the floor to Mr. O’Brien, and he said that there has been much progress on humanitarian access in Syria. Since the beginning of the year, the UN has reached 150,000 people through convoys. However, he noted that this is only a first step to what is required. Humanitarian conditions remain dire, and there are still 4.6 million people who are in need of assistance. After the briefing from Mr. O’Brien, the President adjourned the meeting.

Meeting: Security Council: 7659th meeting; 7660th meeting

Date/Location: Wednesday March 30, 2016, 10:00 –10:30; Security Council

Chamber

Speakers: Representative of the Democratic Republic of Congo; Mr. Stephen

O’Brien, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief

Coordinator

Written By: WIT Representative Kangho (Paul) Jung

Edited By: WIT Representative Alexander Margolick

Photo Credit: Stan Honda/AF

UN Coordinated Emergency Response Fund in Humanitarian Situations

Today a meeting was held to discuss the use of the UN’s Coordinated Emergency Response Fund (CERF) in large-scale emergency situations. Beginning the meeting, Ms. Amos, the Under-Secretary General and Emergency Relief Coordinator, spoke about CERF’s response and effectiveness in Syria, Central African Republic, and South Sudan. She said the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) is increasing, and that CERF needs to systematically leverage the limited amounts of funding it has in order for its response to have the greatest impact in conflict areas.

Following, Mr. Mogwanja from UNICEF gave a statement about CERF’s partnership with UNICEF, and how CERF makes humanitarian responses faster, more predictable, and more coordinated. Since its launch in 2006, CERF has helped to shine a light on otherwise ignored emergency situations.

UFE Round I 2014

Next, Mr. Moustapha, the Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary General for the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), emphasized how CERF can help respond to large scale cross boarder emergencies, like the humanitarian crisis in the DRC and the Central African Republic. Mr. Moustapha praised CERF for its flexibility, and its ability to efficiently unite and focus acute relief efforts in grave humanitarian situations. However, he called for CERF funds to be allocated in a more fair and inclusive manner, and for there to be a more serious reporting system on its progress.

Concluding the meeting, Mr. Guterres from UNHCR spoke about how to deal with a dramatic rise in the need for CERF funding. Population growth, climate change, water scarcity, and food insecurity are contributing to global humanitarian crises. New ways of funding for humanitarian situations are gravely needed. Mr. Guterres concluded the meeting by emphasizing that overall CERF works well because it is not bureaucratic, has low transaction costs, clear rules, and is speedy in its response.

 

Meeting Title: Use of CERF in Large-Scale Emergencies
Speakers: Ms. Valerie Amos, Under-Secretary-General and Emergency Relief Coordinator; Mr. Martin Mogwanja, Deputy Executive Director of UNICEF; Moustapha Soumare, Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary General for the Democratic Republic of Congo; Antonio Guterres, UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Date: 24 June 2014
Location: Conference Room 2, United Nations HQ, New York
Written by WIT Representative: Marli Kasdan

Security Council on Situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

United Nations, New York Headquarters, 13 January 2014

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is one of the wealthiest countries in Africa with an estimated US$ 24 trillion in diamonds and minerals beneath the ground. The DR Congo has been plagued by African civil wars, the second Congo War, beginning in 1998, ended in death tolls over 5 million. Many died because of displacement and having to flee from the land, causing diarrhea, pneumonia, malaria, and malnutrition. In 1999, the United Nations Security Council established MONUSCO, a stabilization mission and ceasefire agreement for the DR Congo.The Security Council met on Monday and the head of MONUSCO, Martin Kobler, as well as Mary Robinson, Special Envoy for the Great Lakes region of Africa, spoke on the political and military development in the DRC.

DR COngoMartin Kobler, the special representative of the Secretary General for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and head of MONUSCO, spoke on the three most important pieces of the longterm peace plan. The first being security and protection. This piece of the peace plan has been tested recently with new uprisings and attacks in the country by rebel groups. Recent murders, mutilations, beheadings, rapes, and child executions are stripping the citizens and governments optimism for the future of security and protection. The second part of the peace plan is stabilization of conflict areas, and the third part the implementation of peace and cooperation framework. An added mission, to provide the government with increased agency to deal with the lack of public services such as school and health care, is to get the government back in control of the mineral mines so that the revenue can be used to grow and sustain the country.

To advance the peace and cooperation framework, MONUSCO is working hard with the Congolese government to settle the rebel groups and address the missions stated above. Mr. Kobler firmly stated, “Through military pressure, the FDLR (Rebel Group: Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda) must be left with no choice but to come out of the bush, the leadership must be left with no choice but to surrender, it’s racist ideology must be left with no choice but to disappear. This is the clear message of 2014.” The Congolese government also stating that security is their top priority in this new year. “The peace security and cooperation framework remains the best chance to achieve sustainable peace, security, cooperation and development in the great lakes region. The pace must be increased to maximize impact,” said Mary Robinson on her goals and insights into the future of peace in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Meeting Title: Security Council 7094th meeting: United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the DR Congo

For more information about MONUSCO, the DR Congo, and the current situation, please see the UN MONUSCO home page: Monusco.Unmissions.org

Written by WIT Intern: Stephanie Harris