This afternoon’s meeting discussed 2019’s plan on risk reduction in regards to the climate. From 1998-2017 1.3 million were killed by climate concerns and the numbers appear to be continuing to rise. The UN wants to take action and find ways to get these numbers to drop which is why a plan was drawn explaining potential risks and how to stop them. By taking Stock of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (the plan from 2015-2030), we inform the public of potential risks thereby creating momentum to find ways to stop them.
Mr. Meza-Cuadra opened the meeting by saying that sustainable development will not be sustainable without risk reduction. The Secretary-General proclaimed that sustainability starts on March 14th in Sendai, Japan, during the 3rd World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction. The increased number of natural disasters has cost the world roughly $3 billion each year. The poorest countries are hit hardest when disasters strike, and 90% of fatalities come from low- and middle-income countries. Mr. Maskrey described how the world is reaching a breaking point as 1.5 planets are needed to sustain the current consumptions of water resources and carbon output. Mr. Sareer spoke about how Maldives was ready to transition into a middle-income country; however, it took 10 years to rebuild what the 2004 tsunami destroyed. Food security, water sources, ecosystems, and economies are all at stake with climate change.
Mr. Nkwain mainly spoke about the vulnerability of developing countries. He also mentioned that the information that we have about risk prevention needs to be effectively utilized for it to be useful. Mr. Binger spoke about the Caribbean countries and stated that SIDS have very limited areas of development due to restrictions on land. Developmental assistance needs to focus more on SIDS, as they are the most vulnerable due to their small area and isolated nature. The final speaker was Mr. Mayer, whose main point centered around the need for the world to move towards a culture of disaster prevention. Disaster warning systems need to be relied upon more in order to prevent casualties and infrastructure damage. He finished the speech by stating that it is up to everyone in the room to help implement disaster risk reduction in the future.
Meeting: Official launch of the 2015 Global Assessment Report (GAR) on Disaster Risk Reduction (by the Secretary-General of the United Nations) (organized by the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR))
Date & Location: Wednesday, 4 Februrary 2015, Dag Hammarskjöld Library Auditorium, United Nations Headquarters, New York
Speakers: Gustavo Meza-Cuadra, Permanent Representative of Peru to the UN; Ban Ki-Moon, United Nations Secretary-General; Andrew Maskrey, Coordinator of the United Nations Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk. Reduction (GAR); Ahmed Sareer, Permanent Representative of Maldives to the UN; Margaret Wahlstrom, Special Representative of the Secretary General for Disaster Risk Reduction; Stan Nkwain, United Nations Development Programme; Albert Binger, Energy Science Advisor at Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre; Thomas Mayr-Harting, EU Head of Delegation to the United Nations
Written by WIT Representatives: Paige Stokols and Brian Lee
Edited by WIT Representative: Philip Bracey
A meeting of the United Nations Centre of Regional Development (UNCRD) experts was held to discuss integrated regional development planning, which provides an effective tool for sustainable development. The purpose of the meeting was to revisit the concept of regional development and raise international understanding around the tools it can provide to help developing countries address the new challenges of the 21st century.
H. E Mr Noriyo Mitsuya highlighted five key aspects of integrated regional development planning: (i) Transport and land use planning; (ii) Waste management; (iii) 3R (Reduce, Reuse and Recycle) and resource efficiency; (iv) Human security; and (v) Disaster risk management. He emphasised disaster risk management as a crucial aspect that should be prioritised in order to achieve sustainable development of the economy.In this light, the government of Japan strives to cooperate in the construction of better infrastructure and development of technology to facilitate disaster risk reduction.
Ms Ndey-Isatou Njie drew attention to theclarification of the approach taken in regional development. The regions are set according to issue-areas, which thereby integrate planning, vision making and policy-design. Sustainable cities are at the core of regional development as they provide a platform for job creation, health facilities, educational institutions and other forums for public participation. She referred to the Toyota smart city approach in Japan to illustrate the significance of sustainable cities.
Mr Hiroshi Imanaga delivered a presentation on the city of Kitakyusgu. Kitakyusgu has been described as one of the cities with the lowest rates of municipal waste production in OECD countries, as per the OECD report. He underscored that the first step towards this achievement was to initiate partnerships with local multi-stakeholders, including businesses and educational institutions.
H.E Mr Shinji Inoue emphasised the progress towards sound-material society, which focuses on the efficient use of natural resources with proper cyclical use of products. It is essential to set indicators and evaluate our progress towards a sound-material society. Cooperation on 3R and waste management policies will facilitate this process in line with the economic growth and population increase worldwide that has led to an increase in global waste generation. Establishing multi-layer partnerships in bilateral cooperation at the local, national and international levels will contributetoimproving this situation.
Meeting Title: Promoting resource efficiency for Sustainable Development
Speakers: H. E Mr. Noriyo Mitsuya, Parliamentary Senior Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs, Japan; Ms. Ndey-Isatou Njie, Chief of Water, Energy and Strategies Branch, DSD/UNDESA;Dr. Elly Sinaga, Director General of Ministry of Transportation, Indonesia; Mr. Toshihko Ohta, Mayor of Toyota City; Mr. Hiroshi Imanaga, Deputy Mayor of Toyota City.
Date: July 7th, 2014.
Location: Conference Room C, United Nations Headquarters, New York
Written By WIT Representative: Nusrat Laskar
Edited By WIT Representative: Marli Kasdan