Ad Hoc Open-ended Informal Working Group to study issues relating to the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity beyond areas of national jurisdiction
Workshop 2 entitled “Conservation and management tools, including area-based management and environmental impact assessments”
Panel 1: Key ecosystem functions and processes in areas beyond national jurisdiction
Panel 2: Impacts and challenges to marine biodiversity beyond areas of national
By Wayne Dean Doyle (05-06-2013)
Dr. G Soto, a marine Biologist opens the floor and speaks gives various examples in relation to the deep sea, reproduction, habitat and the current Eco system in general.
The deep sea, despite its ecological limit-ability continues to provide an income for many regions. The current trend of oil and gas drilling deep in the ocean bed is having an effect on these organisms and dramatically changing the reproductive traditions of various species, the omission of carbon dioxide from CO2 capture and storage is also damaging these habitats.
Waste absorption and detoxification when not carried out safely and adequately can cause havoc and is, as we speak. Planet regulating Ecosystem Functions should be paying a greater role. The United States questions the validity of the statements made by Dr. Soto in relation to dumping within the deep sea given the (International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea (HNS), London, 1996
Edwin Nikilitschek Chile opens the second conference going in depth about common features of the deep sea fisheries, a quick decline in yields, high concentrations, and large initial captures. Below 500 m – slow growth, low fecundity, delayed maturity and low productivity. Degradation due to bottom trawling on biogenic habitats (corals and sponges) Ghost fishing continues to be a serious threat. There is a serious lack of very basic information such as, how many areas in the high seas are being depleted by humans? What are the species and which are the most important and in need of protection in the future. Management and conservation strategies, learn from experience (CCMLR), successes and failures implementing the ecosystem and precautionary approaches
Professor Callum Roberts of the United Kingdom
- Human impacts on fisheries
- Three way squeeze on fishing warming, acidification and over fishing.
- The sea is heating up and as a result, nutrients sink to the bottom and dead bodies and faeces float to the top. As a result fewer results will be mixed and rise back to the top or mid section of the ocean.
- Ocean acidification is becoming alarmingly high, 150 percent increase by 2100.
- A new deal for the oceans, a vigour-enhancing, stress busting package.
- More marine reserves, less fishing, using less destructive gear, but more catch, a moratorium on all high seas until fishing until we improve management institutions, an outright ban on fishing deeper than a half a mile down.
Jihyun Lee, Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity also contributes to the presentation with very in-depth and statistic based material.